Stir-fried Beef with Shrimp Paste
Adapted from China The Beautiful Cookbook by Keith Sinclair
yield: 3-4 servings with rice
For the vegetables:
High heat refined peanut, grapeseed, or sunflower oil, for the wok
8 ounces water spinach, bok choy, pak choi, chard, mustard greens or cabbage
about 1 1/2 teaspoons salt
For the beef marinade:
1 tablespoon water
1 teaspoon dark soy sauce
1 teaspoon fish sauce (nam pla)
1 teaspoon potato starch (cornstarch is fine, too.)
6-10 ounces lean beef (use top round, sirloin, thinly sliced flank steak)
For the beef stir-fry:
2 teaspoons shrimp paste (see notes for substitution)
high-heat refined peanut, safflower, or grapeseed oil, for the wok
1-2 scallions, trimmed and cut into 1-inch lengths
2 garlic cloves, crushed, peeled, and minced
small piece of fresh ginger; about half-teaspoon sized, smashed and finely minced
1 teaspoon Shaoxing rice wine (or dry sherry)
3 tablespoons unsalted chicken stock (water or unsalted vegetable stock also ok)
four ounces rice cake (optional; I love them)
Sesame oil, for drizzling over finished dish
Rice, to serve
A wok is ideal for preparing this dish, but a large–12-14 inch–heavy bottomed frying pan will also work.
Put the rice on to cook.
Start with the vegetables. Wash, shake dry, and cut vegetables into pieces small enough to be eaten with chopsticks.
Place wok over high heat. Once wok is hot, add about two tablespoons oil. Add vegetables and stir-fry until just cooked through; you want them crisp-tender, though I prefer them toward tender.
Remove vegetables to platter. Salt lightly. Either wipe out wok with paper towels or allow wok to cool and wash.
Make the beef marinade. Have a 4-quart ceramic or glass bowl ready.
Mix the water, dark soy sauce, fish sauce, and potato starch in the bowl. It will seem scant. That’s okay.
Slice the beef into equally-sized pieces that are small enough to be picked up with chopsticks. Add to the marinade and stir to distribute. I find my hands to the best job, but use a large spoon if you prefer.
Prepare the shrimp paste by wrapping it in a piece of tinfoil and placing it in a small frying pan. Place pan over medium heat for three to five minutes. It will smell awful. Don’t worry–it won’t taste this way. Allow to cool, then unwrap and proceed with recipe.
Heat wok on high heat. Add enough oil to just coat the bottom and add the scallion, garlic, and ginger. Stir-fry for about thirty seconds, until the aroma rises.
Add the beef and marinade to the wok. Stir fry briskly, until the beef changes color, from pink to brown, then add the shrimp paste, rice wine, chicken stock, and optional rice cakes. Stir-fry on high heat, 3-4 minutes, until ingredients are melded and beef is cooked through.
Drizzle sesame oil over finished dish. Serve with stir-fried greens and rice.
While stir-fries are all about wok hay–eating immediately, to capture the elusive “breath of the wok”–I noticed the shrimp paste dominated the moment this was served. The dish mellows considerably after few hours.
Shrimp paste is an emotive ingredient. If you utterly despise it–or keep kosher–one to two teaspoons of fermented black beans adds the same umami kick. Rinse them under warm water and pat dry with a paper towel. Fermented black beans are sold in Asian markets and some supermarkets in plastic bags. They keep forever.